1913 - 1980 · United States
Philip Guston was a creative visual artist, who was born in the United States. Born in 1913, Philip Guston passed away in 1980. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Lee Mullican, Louise Bourgeois, Dorothea Tanning, Jackson Pollock and Robert Motherwell.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Philip Guston's work is available on display in 11 galleries around the globe, such as in Switzerland, Spain, and the United States. Galleries include Hauser & Wirth London | Savile Row in the United Kingdom, Galería La Caja Negra in Spain, as well as Hauser & Wirth | Zurich in Switzerland. Philip Guston's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition A New Way of Walking at Timothy Taylor | London in the United Kingdom. The exhibition was open from 07 June 2018 until 24 August 2018. Philip Guston's work has also been exhibited at other exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions; Laughter In The Dark, Drawings From 1971 & 1975 (19 May 2017 - 29 July 2017) at Hauser & Wirth London | Savile Row in the United Kingdom and Presentation of Gallery Artists (21 November 2019 - 20 December 2019) at Hauser & Wirth | Hong Kong in China. Philip Guston's first listed exhibition in Artland's database was called Laughter In The Dark, Drawings From 1971 & 1975 and took place at Hauser & Wirth London | Savile Row in the United Kingdom from the 19 May 2017 to 29 July 2017.
Historical Context of United States
The US, especially New York city, remains as a central point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art centre emerged in the post war era, and the city thrived in asserting its supremacy over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful global art centre. The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern era has provided the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that blossomed in the United States. These very movements also echoed into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Philip Guston
Philip Guston was born in 1913 and was predominantly inspired creatively by the 1930s. During the 1930s, many political ideologies such as Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism were engaged in struggles for power, and characterised the political atmosphere of the period. In the United States, the Great Depression had a major impact on artistic output, and artists began to focus on the idea of humility and of the ordinary man on the streets. The focus of art in the United States also began to take a more political turn for the first time, and artists used these subjects and ideas to endeavour to impact society. Subjects such as poverty, lack of affordable housing, anti-lynching, anti-fascism, and workers' strikes became prevalent in the work of a number of artists.