Phelps

1971 · United States

Artist biography

Phelps is is an established, mid-career contemporary artist, who originates from the United States, like other prominent artists such as Alma Lavenson, Susan Hiller, Sheila Hicks, Michael Light, and Elias Hansen. Phelps was born in 1971.

Phelps' Gallery representation

Phelps is represented and exhibited by Galerie Hubert Winter located in Vienna, Austria.

Historical Context of United States

The United States has been key in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural status of New York assumed primacy over Paris, previously considered as the most powerful art centre in the world. Leading art movements developed and cultivated in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern echoes of these many types. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has cultivated a powerful influence upon the visual culture of the World, due to the authority of its economic and political systems. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Phelps

Phelps was born in 1971 and was largely influenced creatively by the 1990s. In the United Kingdom, a group of artists known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, dominated the artistic culture of the decade. They were a loosely affiliated and diverse group, connected generally by their age and nationality. Many of the members had attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by Charles Saatchi, the ‘super collector’ of art at the time. The most well-known member of the group is arguably Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). Through their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, the YBAs garnered a divisive public image which was further fuelled by their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was at the same time rebellious and entrepreneurial. The group dominated the British art scene in the 1990s and their group show ‘Sensation’ is now viewed as legendary. The art world was influenced by a number of trends throughout the decade, the divisive, hyper-realistic sculptures of Maurizio Cattelan and the sensitive, conceptual work of Felix Gonzalez-Torres characterised the cultural tone of the era.

Phelps

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