Peter Plagens

1941 · United States

Artist biography

Peter Plagens is seen as an established contemporary artist, who originates from the United States. Peter Plagens was born in 1941. Also born in the United States around 1941 and of the same generation are Chuck Close, Dale Chihuly, Bruce Nauman, James Turrell and Barbara Kruger.

Peter Plagens' Gallery representation

Peter Plagens' work is available for viewing at Nancy Hoffman Gallery in New York, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States has been a prominent country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural prominence of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly considered as the most important art hub worldwide. Leading art movements developed and cultivated in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern repetitions of these many types. In the modern and contemporary era, the United States has cultivated a strong influence over the worldwide visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political structures. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Peter Plagens

Born in 1941, Peter Plagens was predominantly influenced by the 1960s. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging parallel to each other. On one hand, Pop championed the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. The work of art by artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the rapidly developing Capitalism of the United States, using things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their primary visual cues. A parallel movement was established on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the very first developments of conceptual art. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, based solely on line, colour and geometric form as key constituents of both painting and sculpture. The significant figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was a powerful offshoot of minimalism, a discipline made famous by through the work of artists like Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Around the world many artistic movements resonated the artistic concerns of the previously mentioned movements, often with regional specialisms and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of inspiration for creatives, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their distinctive approaches to the human form and the anguish related to the human condition.

Peter Plagens

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