1939 · United Kingdom
Peter Phillips is regarded as a well established artist, who was born in the United Kingdom. Peter Phillips was born in 1939. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Lucien Freud, Richard Hamilton, Eduardo Paolozzi, Michael Andrews and Bridget Rilet.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
Through colonisation and the consequent ascent of its Empire, the United Kingdom reached the status of a giant, although the prosperity and economic power did not shelter it from the apparent cultural authority of other continents and countries. With the United States on one side and its European neighbours on the other, Britain had been to a somewhat significant extent outshined by their respective impact on the art of the modern world. But it is towards the end of the nineteenth century that it truly became an essential and vital agent in the development of the avant-garde, through radical and progressive trends such at the Arts and Crafts Movement, which would become fundamental to the further development of bohemian artists movements or other artist-led guilds of the twentieth century. Vorticism is a noteworthy movement, fundamentally characteristic of British modernism, it involved artists known for their affiliation to the Bloomsbury group. A few critically significant British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley and Paula Rego among others – as well as the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn and Chris Ofili, in more recent years.
Further Biographical Context for Peter Phillips
Peter Phillips was born in 1939 and was primarily inspired creatively by the 1950s. During the Post War period, New York City became the global focus for Modernism. Throughout the Second World War, many artists had travelled to the city after having fled in exile from Europe, which culminated in a merging and amalgamation of abilities and ideas. Whilst in New York, influential Europeans such as Piet Mondrian, Josef Albers and Hans Hoffmann provided inspiration for American artists, and influenced cultural growth in the United States for many subsequent decades. Important artists of this period included Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. In later revisions, the contributions and efforts of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois have been acknowledged, amongst many other female creatives.