1956 · Spain
Pedro Castrortega is seen as an established artist, who was born and brought up in Spain. Pedro Castrortega was born in 1956. Artists Miquel Barceló and Juan Muñoz are of the same generation and same country as Pedro Castrortega.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Pedro Castrortega is represented and exhibited by Galería La Caja Negra in Madrid, Spain. Pedro Castrortega's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition En paralelo: Un día es un día at Galería Álvaro Alcázar in Madrid, Spain. The exhibition was open from 20 December 2019 until 03 January 2020.
Historical Context of Spain
Spain has played a crucial role in the development of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso developed a distinctively expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, firstly with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the chief founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were leading figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also lived in France for large parts of their careers. Throughout the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was ruled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who then implemented substantial reform. The Franco regime was distinguished by its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of key intellectual and cultural figures that chose not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered significantly, since liberal artistic movements are often noted for their leftist leanings. Important modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Pedro Castrortega
Born in 1956, Pedro Castrortega was primarily influenced by the distinctive cultural milieu of 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was epitomized by a wish to grow and strengthen itself, as a response to the many tensions of the previous decade. One of the most central movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which appeared as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative journey of Process art emerged by combining essential elements of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The earliest ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its prominence, predominantly in Germany through the works of world renowned figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. Most of the dominant artistic figures of the 1960s remained highly influential and admired throughout the 1970s. Andy Warhol, for instance, fortified his status as a legendary artist, by branching out into film and magazine publishing, thus instituting a ground-breaking concept of cross-cultural activity for a visual artist of such fame. A few noteworthy international movements that defined the era include photorealism, which was firstly introduced in the 1960s and reached commercial and critical success in the 1970s, as well as feminism which had a strong impact on the visual culture.