Pedro Avelar is an established artist, Pedro Avelar was born in 1945. Artists born in the same year and of the same generation are Kathleen Gilje, Emilia Kabakov, Lise Auger, Joseph Kosuth, and Ragna Róbertsdóttir.
Further Biographical Context for Pedro Avelar
Born in 1945, Pedro Avelar's creative work was predominantly influenced by the 1960s. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Evocative of a time inspiring both hope and anger, the 1960s prompted an outburst of cutting-edge philosophies and movements, truly exciting and spectacular. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact globally, mainly defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing expectations on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible escalation of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the crucial idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to obliterate all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to explore further some of the most fundamental philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, while getting rid of the emotional and highly personal aspect it would usually entail with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply identifying with Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, particular to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for example, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism deeply influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to depict the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the lingering angst of the meaninglessness of life.