1951 · United States
Patricia Chidlaw is an established artist, who originates from the United States. Patricia Chidlaw was born in 1951. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Bill Viola, Tony Oursler, Cindy Sherman and Keith Haring.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a major country in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural prominence of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly considered as the most significant art hub worldwide. Major art movements established and fostered in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern iterations of these many types. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has cultivated a strong influence upon the international visual culture, due to the hegemony of its economic and political structures. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Patricia Chidlaw
Born in 1951, Patricia Chidlaw was predominantly influenced by the 1970s. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and growth in the arts, most often defined as a response to the dominant strains of the previous decade. Conceptual art emerged as a key movement, a partial evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the artwork into the spacious outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and engaging with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal considerations, creating cryptic and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain prominence for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years prior, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly respected figures worldwide. Many of the artists who became so famous and successful in the 1960s remained dominant figures. For example, Andy Warhol branched out into film and magazine publishing, the first type of cross cultural activity for a visual artist. This secured his reputation as a major international celebrity in his own right. International movements began to gain importance included feminism, which translated strongly into the visual culture, and photorealism which had begun in the 1960s and enjoyed momentous commercial and critical achievements. For the first time painters and sculptors from Latin America were embraced by the leading critical and institutional levers in New York.