Paolo Scirpa's exhibition
Historical Context of Italy
Italy has been vastly rich in cultural power since the time of the Romans, this classical period has exerted a major influence on the cultural growth and identity of the country. Italy represents the realm of the Renaissance, called 'Rinascita' in Italian, translating to 'rebirth'. The Renaissance has been considered, from the early 1400s, as the first major flowering of cultural sophistication in art, architecture, music, poetry, philosophy and politics since the Middle Ages. In the modern and contemporary period, Italy was afflicted by the fascism of Mussolini but has nevertheless remained as a vital heart for artistic expression, spawning movements such as Futurism, Arte Povera and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia. Critically acclaimed Italian artists of the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.