1940 · Italy
Paolo Scheggi was a creative visual artist, who originates from Italy, like other artists such as Lorenza Boisi, Cristina Impoco, Jacopo Tomassini, Franco Vaccari, and Milan Borc. Paolo Scheggi was born in 1940.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Paolo Scheggi's work is available on display in several galleries listed on Artland. Galleries include Tornabuoni Art | London, Robilant + Voena | London, and Luxembourg & Dayan | London in the United Kingdom. Paolo Scheggi's work has most recently been exhibited at Cortesi Gallery | London in the United Kingdom (13 September 2018 until 30 October 2018) with the exhibition Group Show. Paolo Scheggi's other most recent exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions at Gagosian | Paris in France (15 January 2020 - 06 March 2020) with the name Blanc sur Blanc and Tornabuoni Art | Paris in France (17 October 2019 - 20 December 2019) with the name Utopia.
Historical Context of Italy
Italy has been vastly sumptuous in cultural power since the time of the Romans, this classical period has exerted a fascinating influence on the cultural development and distinctiveness of the country. Italy represents the country of the Renaissance, called 'Rinascita' in Italian, meaning 'rebirth'. The Renaissance has been considered, from the early 1400s, as the first extensive blossoming of cultural erudition in art, architecture, music, poetry, philosophy and politics since the Middle Ages.
During the modern and contemporary period, Italy was afflicted by the fascism of Mussolini but has nevertheless endured as an important focal point for artistic expression, initiating movements such as Futurism, Arte Povera and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia. Important Italian artists of the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.
Further Biographical Context for Paolo Scheggi
Paolo Scheggi was born in 1940 and grew up during the 1960s and was influenced by the artistic atmosphere of the time. The 1960s were an explosive decade internationally, bearing witness to proliferation of modernist philosophies and trends. It was the era of Kennedy and Kruschev, and the beginning of the Cold War, which would endure for most of the second half of the 20th century, and was epitomised most symbolically by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The Iron Curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe, both ideologically and literally, and student political uprisings took place globally. Psychedelia, an enormous increase in consumerism, and the associated trends of marketing and advertising further epitomised the era.
Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging alongside each other. On one hand, Pop advocated the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. Artwork by artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the fast developing Capitalism of the United States, using things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their main visual cues. A parallel movement developed on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the very first blossoming of conceptual art.
Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, focused solely on line, colour and geometric form as key components of both painting and sculpture. The key figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin.
Colour Field painting, as practiced by Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler, further developed some of the expressive notions of Abstract Expressionism, but removed much of the rhetoric, instead approaching a more rule-based approach to surface and colour that related this practice to Minimalism.
Pop Art was a prominent offshoot of minimalism, a discipline that became renowned through the work of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley.
Around the world many artistic movements echoed the creative concerns of the above mentioned movements, often with regional fortes and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker adopted similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of inspiration for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their distinguishing approaches to the human form and the angst related to the human condition.