Paolo Pola

1942 · Switzerland

Artist biography

Paolo Pola is regarded as a well established artist, who originates from Switzerland, like other prominent artists such as Jasmine Rossi, Christian Coigny, Véronique Goël, Dafflon Stéphane, and Daniel Meuli. Paolo Pola was born in 1942.

Galleries and Exhibitions

Paolo Pola's work is on display at Galerie Carzaniga located in Basel, Switzerland. Paolo Pola most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Galerie Carzaniga in Basel with the exhibition Paysages urbains . The exhibition was open from 20 January 2018 until 10 March 2018. Paolo Pola's other most recent exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions; Art Basel 2018 (16 June 2018 - 17 June 2018) at Galerie Carzaniga in Basel and Paysages urbains (20 January 2018 - 10 March 2018) at Galerie Carzaniga in Basel.

Historical Context of Switzerland

Perhaps the most significant Swiss contribution to the unravelling of Modernism was the formation of the Dada movement in Zurich in 1916. Its initial members included Hugo Ball, Tristan Tzara, Jean Arp and Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Emmy Hennings, and Marcel Janco. Their headquarters, the Cabaret Voltaire, quickly became an prominent hub of the artistic and intellectual avant-garde, with the political neutrality Switzerland being a refuge from political instability elsewhere in Europe. Beforehand, Switzerland had originated some quirky and extraordinary artists in the Post-Impressionist period of the early twentieth century, including Ferdinand Hodler and Felix Vallotton. Another major movement that can be attributed to a Swiss artist was the ‘International Style’ of modernist architecture, pioneered by Le Corbusier. Le Corbusier may have become a French citizen in 1930, but he was born Charles-Édouard Jeanneret in the Neuchâtel canton of Switzerland in 1887. Indeed, his first independent projects were executed in his hometown of La Chaux-de-Fonds, including proto modern domestic villas for wealthy local clients. Important Swiss artists of the twentieth century include Jean Tingely, Alberto Giacometti, John Armleder, Pipilotti Rist and Thomas Hirschhorn.

Further Biographical Context for Paolo Pola

Paolo Pola was born in 1942, grew up during the 1960s and was inspired by the artistic culture of the time. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly sensational across the globe. Illustrative of a time stirring both faith and anger, the 1960s triggered an outburst of new philosophies and movements, truly exciting and ground-breaking. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact globally, mainly defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the crucial idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to obliterate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to delve into some of the most fundamental ideologies of Abstract Expressionism, while eliminating the emotional and highly personal aspect it would often associated with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply identifying with Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, particular to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism strongly influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to depict the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the lingering angst of the meaninglessness of life.

Paolo Pola