1881 - 1973 · Spain
Pablo Picasso was one of the most influential and revolutionary artists of the 20th century. His trailblazing style evolved across the decades and involved the use of several kinds of media and materials, contributing to the most relevant artistic and cultural movements of the century, but he is particularly remembered for the role he played in the pioneering creation of Cubism around 1908. At the end of his career, he had produced more than twenty thousand artworks, from paintings, drawings, and collages (the so-called papier collé), to sculptures and ceramics, but also theatre sets, and costume designs.
Inspired by primitivism and the observation of pre-Roman Iberian sculpture, African, and Oceanic art, Pablo Picasso’s artistic research aimed at the reconciliation between three-dimensional and two-dimensional space, resulting in the creation of fragmented, solid figures. His production was remarkably influenced by contemporary historical events, one among all, the Spanish Civil war in 1936. After attending the Llotja School of Fine Arts in Barcelona, he settled in Paris in 1904 founding himself immersed in the avant-garde and bohemian circles of Gertrude Stein and there developed his revolutionary style. In the late 1940s, without ever losing his creative energy, he moved to southern France where he lived until his death in 1973.
Presently, Picasso’s works are displayed by institutions dedicated entirely to his art, such as the Museo Picasso in Málaga, the Museu Picasso in Barcelona, and the Musée National Picasso in Paris, but also in the main museums all over the world, among the others: the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Tate Gallery in London, the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg.