1925 · Austria
Otto Muehl is seen as an established artist, who originates from Austria. Otto Muehl was born in 1925. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Hans Schwarz, Inge Morath and Kiki Kogelnik.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Otto Muehl's work is on display at Maccarone located in Los Angeles, the United States. Otto Muehl's work has most recently been exhibited at Richard Saltoun Gallery in London (13 July 2018 until 25 August 2018) with the exhibition AKTION: CONCEPTUAL ART & PHOTOGRAPHY (1960 – 1980), . Otto Muehl's only other exhibition is OTTO MUEHL, which took place at Galerie Eric Dupont in Paris, France (13 October 2018 - 17 November 2018).
Historical Context of Austria
At the start of the 20th century, Austria was among the most innovative and culturally progressive countries. It fostered important developments in the Arts and Crafts Movement and Art Nouveau, called Jugendstil in German, from around 1895 to 1910, forming a key bridge between the 19th century and the onset of modernism. This kind of progressive, avant-garde thinking led directly into the Viennese Secession movement, one of the key art and design movements of the early twentieth century. It was formed in 1897 by a group of Austrian painters, graphic artists, sculptors and architects, including Josef Hoffman Koloman Moser, Otto Wagner, and Gustave Klimt, when artists resigned, en masse, from the Association of Austrian Artists in protest against its support for more traditional artistic styles. and an exchange of ideas with artists outside Austria, disputing artistic nationalism, renewing the decorative arts and, most crucially, creating a "total art (Gesamtkunstwerk)" that unified painting, architecture, and the decorative arts. The group was strongly opposed to the dominance of the official Vienna Academy of the Arts (the Vienna Künstlerhaus), and official art salons, with their traditional orientation toward Historicism. Ultimately the group broke apart, the decorative artists choosing instead to focus on a new guild called the Wiener Werkstatte. In the late 1930s, Austria was annexed by the growing force of Hitler's Nazi Germany, an act known as the Anschluss, and which organised Austria into a province of a greater German Reich. During this period, like in Germany, the Avant-garde was named 'Entartete Kunst', translating to 'degenerate art', and was oppressed with only 'official' social realist art being approved, or even allowed by the state. Consequently, there was a significant exodus of creative talent who determined that their interests would be best served by moving to London or New York. In the 20th century, important Austrian artists included Josef Hoffman, Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Herbert Bayer (the typography and graphic design pioneer of the Bauhaus), architect and designer Josef Frank, Oskar Kokoschka, Alfred Kubin, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Maria Lassnig, Hermann Nitsch, Arnulf Rainer, Franz West and Erwin Wurm.
Further Biographical Context for Otto Muehl
Otto Muehl was born in 1925 and was primarily inspired by the 1930s. The period of the 1930s is characterised by the conflict between many political ideologies, including Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. Surrealism continued to dominate in Europe, and had influence on an international scale. Artists such as Frida Kahlo and Diego Riviera in Mexico, worked to incorporate the ideas posed by Surrealism into their radical political philosophies, developing a new kind of magic realism.
- Galleries Representing this Artist