Ortaire De Coupigny
Ortaire De Coupigny in private collections
Historical Context of France
France has been a significant nation in the unfolding of modernism. Throughout the 19th century, France fostered the beginnings of what is today known as the avant-garde, with movements such as Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by internationally famed artists. In the first half of the 20th century, Paris was a crucial intellectual and cultural centre, contributing vital movements such as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others. These movements emerged at the beginning of the century, in the period immediately preceding the Second World War. Major French artistic figures from the beginning of the century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque (Spanish national who settled in France) Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier amidst a multitude of others.