1947 · France
Orlan is an established artist, who originates from France, like other well-known artists such as Sarah Ortmeyer, Anne-Sophie Yacono, Thierry Lagalla, Jérémie Bennequin, and Henri Cueco. Orlan was born in 1947.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Multiple galleries around the world represent and exhibit Orlan's work, including galleries in countries like Belgium, France, and Italy. Some of those galleries are Galerie Michel Rein in Belgium, as well as GDM | Paris and Galerie Michel Rein | Paris in France. Orlan's work has most recently been exhibited at Ceysson & Bénétière | Paris in France (17 December 2019 until 31 January 2020) with the exhibition GUERRE(S). Orlan's only other exhibition is ORLAN AVANT ORLAN, which took place at Ceysson & Bénétière | Paris in France (18 October 2018 - 08 December 2018).
Historical Context of France
France strikes out as one of the most prominent agents of modernism. What is today known as the avant-garde was pioneered in the first half of the nineteenth century, and included progressive and cutting-edge movements such as Impressionism, Post-impressionism and Art Nouveau, driven by key figures of the art sphere. Applauded and dominant French artists from the beginning of the twentieth century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, although he initially was a Spanish national who settled in France, as well as Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier, to name a few. Paris was considered to be the most important and intellectual artistic centre at the onset of the century and supported the development of such fundamental movements as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others, which appeared in the post war era.
Further Biographical Context for Orlan
Born in 1947, Orlan was predominantly influenced by the 1960s growing up. Art turned into a vehicle for ideologies and other agendas, with Pop and Minimalism appearing simultaneously as the most significant art movements of the decade. Pop Art in New York city embraced the culture of mass media and mass consumerism, with Artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann getting inspired by television, comic strips, billboards and other products of the rise of Capitalism for their artworks. On the other side of the country, the West Coast in California, the first elements of what would be known as Conceptual art were developing. Minimalism developed the crucial idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to represent the real world. Born of a desire to obliterate all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to explore further some of the most fundamental philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, while getting rid of the expressive and highly personal aspect it would usually entail with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply identifying with Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, distinctive to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for example, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism strongly influenced artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to portray the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the haunting anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.