1929 · United States
Oldenburg is regarded as a well established artist, who originates from the United States. Oldenburg was born in 1929. Also born in the United States around 1929 and of the same generation are Knox Martin, Michael Goldberg, Michael Goldberg, Robert Rauschenberg and Allan Kaprow.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war era, when the cultural prominence of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly considered as the most significant art hub globally. Major art movements established and fostered in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in varied forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern iterations of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary era, the United States has exercised a powerful influence upon the worldwide visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political structures. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Oldenburg
Born in 1929, Oldenburg was primarily influenced by the 1930s growing up. Throughout the 1930s, many political ideologies such as Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism were engaged in struggles for power, and epitomised the political atmosphere of the era. In the United States, the Great Depression had a major impact on artistic output, and artists began to focus on the idea of modesty and of the ordinary man on the streets. The focus of art in the United States also began to take a more political turn for the first time, and artists used these topics and ideas to endeavour to impact society. Themes such as poverty, lack of affordable housing, anti-lynching, anti-fascism, and workers' strikes became prevalent in the work of a number of artists.