Further Biographical Context for Norma Minkowitz
Norma Minkowitz was born in 1937 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1950s growing up. Abstract Expressionism dominated in the 1950s as a chief method of painting, and explored ideas about the sublime and spirituality. Artists chose to focus on painting’s formal properties, and Action Painting took inspiration from the political freedoms of the United States, in opposition to the limitations of the Soviet bloc. Significant artists of this period included Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. In subsequent revisions, the contributions and efforts of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois have been acknowledged, amongst many other female creatives.