1949 · Iceland
No is seen as an established artist, who was born and brought up in Iceland, like other prominent artists such as Matthías Rúnar Sigurðsson, Gudny Rosa Ingimarsdottir, Finnbogi Pétursson, Louisa Matthiasdottir, and Elín Hansdóttir. No was born in 1949.
Further Biographical Context for No
Born in 1949, No grew up during the 1960s and was influenced by the artistic atmosphere of the time. The 1960s were an explosive decade internationally, bearing witness to proliferation of modernist philosophies and trends. It was the era of Kennedy and Kruschev, and the start of the Cold War, which would endure for most of the second half of the 20th century, and was characterised most symbolically by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The Iron Curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe, both ideologically and literally, and student political uprisings took place across the globe. Psychedelia, an vast increase in consumerism, and the associated trends of marketing and advertising further defined the era. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, based solely on line, colour and geometric form as key constituents of both painting and sculpture. The significant figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was a prominent offshoot of minimalism, a discipline that became renowned through the work of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Globally, a number of artistic movements resonated the creative concerns of the previously mentioned movements, often with regional fortes and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of inspiration for creatives, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti becoming known worldwide for their distinctive approaches to the human form and the angst related to the human condition.