1973 · United Kingdom
Nigel Cooke is an established mid-career contemporary artist, who originates from the United Kingdom. Nigel Cooke was born in 1973. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Banksy, Idris Khan and Annie Morris.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
Through colonisation and the resulting rise of its Empire, the United Kingdom reached the status of a giant, although the wealth and economic power did not shelter it from the apparent cultural supremacy of other continents and countries. With the United States on one side and its European neighbours on the other, Britain had been to a rather significant degree eclipsed by their respective impact on the art of the modern world. But it is towards the end of the nineteenth century that it truly became an essential and crucial agent in the development of the avant-garde, through radical and progressive trends such at the Arts and Crafts Movement, which would become fundamental to the further development of bohemian artists movements or other artist-led guilds of the twentieth century. Vorticism is a significant movement, fundamentally characteristic of British modernism, it involved artists renowned for their association to the Bloomsbury group. A few critically significant British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley and Paula Rego among others – as well as the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn and Chris Ofili, in more recent years.
Further Biographical Context for Nigel Cooke
Nigel Cooke was born in 1973 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1980s growing up. The generation of artists that grew up in, and were inspired by, the nineteen eighties was influenced by a period of quickly growing global capitalism, political upheaval, significant wealth differences, global mass media and distinctive music and fashion, including electronic pop music and hip hop. The 1980s was the era of African famine, the height of the Cold War, and also the end of it, as marked by the fall of the Berlin Wall. significant art movements of the era include Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and the global trend of Neo-Expressionism which manifested in Germany, the USA and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). The decade was exemplified by artists like Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel. Street art and graffiti started to gain recognition, notable artists of which include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf.