1942 · Spain
Miralda is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born and brought up in Spain, like other well-known artists such as Lara Almarcegui, Emilio González Sainz, Guillermo Martin Bermejo, Patricia Dauder, and Karmelo Bermejo. Miralda was born in 1942.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Miralda is represented by two galleries. These are Galería Moisés Pérez de Albéniz in Madrid, Spain and Galería Senda in Barcelona, Spain. Miralda's work has most recently been exhibited at Galería Senda in Barcelona (04 January 2019 until 04 January 2019) with the exhibition TRES PROYECTOS: (NYC-MIA-BCN).
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was substantial in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose phases, although he would eventually settle in to France in 1904, Picasso unfolded a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. Though they were settled in France for the majority part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly influential figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural setting of Spain in the twentieth century was governed by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime dominated the country from 1939 to 1975. His death prompted a restitution of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who thus reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, characterised by an intense anti-communist position, led to the departure of major intellectual and cultural figures, determined to escape this oppressive system. The artistic and cultural flourishing of the avant-garde were greatly affected by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are commonly associated with leftist inclinations. Some critically acclaimed modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Miralda
Miralda was born in 1942 and was predominantly inspired creatively by the 1960s. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Evocative of a time stirring both faith and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of cutting-edge philosophies and movements, truly exciting and ground-breaking. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact internationally, mainly defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and drastically marked by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing expectations on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible escalation of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the crucial idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to eradicate all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to explore further some of the most fundamental philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, while getting rid of the emotional and highly personal aspect it would often associated with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply identifying with Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, particular to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism deeply influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to portray the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the lingering angst of the meaninglessness of life.