Historical Context of United States
The United States, in particular New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new multinational and highly powerful art hub emerged in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful international art capital. The authority of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has provided the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that flourished in the United States. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.