Michel de Lijster

1970 · Netherlands

Artist biography

Michel de Lijster is an established mid-career contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the Netherlands, like other celebrated artists such as Dana Lixenberg, Carolus, Joost Tholens, Zhana Ivanova, and Alle Jong. Michel de Lijster was born in 1970.

Historical Context of Netherlands

The Netherlands has a reputable heritage for art and design in the twentieth century culture, although its position as a cultural powerhouse had been long established, centuries before the fifteenth century, when artists like Jan van Eyck were among the most renowned in the world. The Dutch Golden Age of the 1600s brought such personalities as Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Van Dyck and Van Ruisdael. In the 20th century, some of the earliest examples of abstraction in the Netherlands were emerged under the support of the seminal de Stijl movement, led by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesberg. Gerrit Rietveld was a major architect and designer whose work is closely related to the ideas of De Stijl.

Further Biographical Context for Michel de Lijster

Michel de Lijster was born in 1970 and was predominantly influenced by the 1990s. A group of artists working in the United Kingdom, who came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, defined the artistic culture of the 1990s. Affiliated loosely by their age and nationality, they were a varied collective of practitioners. A number of the YBAs attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by the ‘super collector’ of the time, Charles Saatchi. The most well known member of the group is Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). The YBAs became famous for their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, alongside their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was rebellious yet enterprising. Due to the high amount of media coverage that they received, they dominated British art during the 1990s, and their work was epitomised in the group show ‘Sensation’. The art world was influenced by a number of trends throughout the decade, and was characterised by the derisive sculpture of Maurizio Cattelan, and sensitive, conceptual advancements as shown in the work of artists including Felix Gonzalez-Torres.