1908 - 1977
Meng Xiaodong was a creative visual artist. Born in 1908, Meng Xiaodong passed away in 1977. Artists like Juan Antonio De Acha, Mario Morelli, Helen Lietta Dowd, Otto Hellmeier, and Jennie Montague Griswold were also born in 1908.
Further Biographical Context for Meng Xiaodong
Born in 1908, Meng Xiaodong grew up during the 1920s and was influenced by the artistic culture of the time. Significant artistic innovations that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be worked on during the 1920s and 1930s. During this period the careers of many influential and pioneering artists began to flourish, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of reflection and sombreness following the horrors of the First World War. Major shifts in politics were happening worldwide, and Marxism took a strong hold as an ideology within artist groups and communities. Due to its cultural significance, Surrealism spread as an ideology on an international scale, and became the most prominent theme of the pictorial arts in the 1920s. The Bauhaus movement developed during this time and focused on a unification of all modes of art, working towards the idea of the ‘Gesamtkunstwerk’. The liberal politics of the Weimar Republic in Germany enabled this movement to blossom and flourish and develop further.