Further Biographical Context for Melvin Mel
Born in 1950, Melvin Mel's creative work was predominantly influenced by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was characterized by a longing to grow and strengthen itself, as a response to the many tensions of the previous decade. One of the most important movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which emerged as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art materialized by combining essential elements of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The earliest ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly re-emerged and regained its prominence, predominantly in Germany through the works of critically acclaimed figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. Most of the dominant artistic figures of the 1960s remained highly influential and popular throughout the 1970s. Andy Warhol, for example, secured his reputation as a legendary artist, by bifurcating into film and magazine publishing, thus instituting a ground-breaking concept of cross-cultural activity for a visual artist of such fame. A few significant global movements that defined the era include photorealism, which was initially introduced in the 1960s and reached commercial and critical success in the 1970s, as well as feminism which deeply influenced the visual culture.