Melika Ngombe Kolongo

Belgium

Artist biography

Melika Ngombe Kolongo is a modern artist, who originates from Belgium, like other prominent artists such as Auriea Harvey & Michaël Samyn, Antoine Goossens, Marcel Berlanger, Eric Croes, and Toon Boeckmans.

About Melika Ngombe Kolongo's works

Melika Ngombe Kolongo is giving an innovative contribution in the fields of Design, Expressionism, Conceptual, Digital and Abstraction. Since the early 20th century, the word “design” has been used to refer to objects appreciated for the aesthetic qualities they convey. It was often used in conjunction with the decorative-arts, but with the societal transformations of the twentieth and twentyfirst century, the term “design” expanded to a wider field, and now includes areas such as industrial design, graphic design and fashion design. Some of the most influential design movements include The Arts and Crafts movements and the Bauhaus, which triumphed in unifying artistic creativity with the manufacturing of objects.

Counting artists such as Vincent van Gogh, Egon Schiele, Wassily Kandinsky and Edvard Munch, Expressionism is one the main currents of art of the 20th century - although it is considered to be an international state of mind rather than just an art movement. When it comes to paintings, Expressionist artists were significantly inspired by Eastern art which they deemed “primitive” in its use of vivid colours and simplified forms. By adding textural elements and freeing their brushstrokes, artists were trying to reflect the psychological state of mind of their time, and truthfully express their inner self. Wassily Kandinsky’s painting Der Blaue Reiter is a great example of Expressionism, which symbolizes Kandinsky’s desire to drift away from realistic depictions and focus on subjectivity rather than objectivity.

Emerging as an art movement in the 1960s, Conceptualism has sparked a significant amount of controversy and debate, often provoking intense reactions in its viewership. Conceptual art by essence implies that the idea behind the actual artwork is more important than the finished product itself. The research and strategies conducted by the artist represent the most significant part of the work, conceptual art thus strives to be an art of the mind, instead of appealing to the senses. Although it refers to art from the mid 1960s to the mid 1970s, the origins of Conceptualism can be traced back to 1917, with Marcel Duchamp and his polemical artwork Fontaine, which tried to erase the boundaries between art and reality. Conceptual art is not as straightforward as other movements, as it uses an interdisciplinary approach, and the artworks can take the form of anything - from everyday objects to performances requiring audience participation.

In the early 1980s, renowned artists such as Harold Cohen or Andy Warhol started to experiment with computer painting programs, thus paving the way for what would later be recognized as digital art. From digital paintings to installations or 3D renderings of sculptures, digital art is fundamentally mixing technology with art, creating a innovative sphere where freedom and endless possibilities invite artists to experiment and create. Whether the technology is the medium or the end itself, for art to be considered as digital, any sort of computer processing needs to be involved in the creation or presentation of the work. The sphere of digital art is complex and naturally evolving, as technology itself continues to grow and develop.

Historical Context of Belgium

Throughout the 1930s, Belgian art was to play a integral role in Surrealism, especially through the work of Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Other key Belgian artists of the twentieth century include Marcel Broodthaers, Wim Delvoye, Francis Alys and Luc Tuymans.

Belgium has been an important artistic hub since the later part of the nineteenth century. As a small country, bordered by both France and the Netherlands, it has been subjected to significant influence by both the French and Flemish cultures.

In the late nineteenth century, as the era of the avant-garde in Europe began, the Belgian capital of Brussels was a significant centre for the Art Nouveau movement, which included the architect Victor Horta amongst its founders. The Symbolist movement was also a significant artistic trend that was greatly influenced by Belgian artists. Key practitioners of this important early precursor to Surrealism include Léon Spilliaert, Jean Delville, Fernand Khnopff and James Ensor.

Melika Ngombe Kolongo

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