1985 · France
Mélanie Matranga is is an established, mid-career contemporary artist, who was born in France, like other prominent artists such as Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Norville Guirouard Aizee, François Bard, Sigismond De-Vajay, and Alexis Peskine. Mélanie Matranga was born in 1985.
Historical Context of France
France strikes out as one of the most influential agents of modernism. What is today referred to as the avant-garde was pioneered in the first half of the nineteenth century, and embraced progressive and cutting-edge movements such as Impressionism, Post-impressionism and Art Nouveau, driven by key figures of the art world. Critically praised and leading French artists from the beginning of the twentieth century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, although he originally was a Spanish national who relocated in France, as well as Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier, to name a few. Paris was thought to be the most important and intellectual artistic centre at the onset of the century and supported the development of such vital movements as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others, which appeared in the post war era.
Further Biographical Context for Mélanie Matranga
Born in 1985, Mélanie Matranga's creative work was predominantly influenced by the 1990s. A group of artists working in the United Kingdom, who came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, defined the artistic culture of the 1990s. Affiliated loosely by their age and nationality, they were a varied collective of practitioners. A number of the YBAs attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by the ‘super collector’ of the time, Charles Saatchi. The most well known member of the group is Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). The YBAs became known for their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, alongside their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an outlook that was rebellious yet enterprising. Due to the high amount of media coverage that they garnered, they dominated British art during the 1990s, and their work was epitomised in the group show ‘Sensation’. Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of creating art based on human relations and their social context, became a key idea in the 1990s. Works by artists including Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as significant artists who worked to this outline.