Melanie Baker

1955 · United States

Artist biography

Melanie Baker is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born in the United States. Melanie Baker was born in 1955. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Jenny Holzer, Bill Viola, Carrie Mae Weems, Cindy Sherman and Jeff Koons.

Galleries and Exhibitions

Melanie Baker is represented by Cristin Tierney in New York, the United States. Melanie Baker most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Cristin Tierney in New York with the exhibition The Optimates. The exhibition was open from 09 January 2020 until 21 February 2020. Melanie Baker's only other recorded exhibition on Artland is Inside Baseball, which took place at Cristin Tierney in New York, the United States (25 April 2019 - 01 June 2019).

Historical Context of United States

The United States has been a prominent country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war period, when the cultural prominence of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly thought of as the most significant art centre worldwide. Major art movements established and cultivated in extensive ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern iterations of these many types. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has exercised a strong influence upon the worldwide visual culture, due to the authority of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Melanie Baker

Melanie Baker was born in 1955 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was epitomized by a longing to evolve and strengthen itself, as a reaction to the many tensions of the previous decade. One of the most central movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which emerged as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art materialized by combining essential features of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The earliest ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its prominence, predominantly in Germany through the works of critically acclaimed figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. Most of the leading artistic figures of the 1960s remained greatly influential and admired throughout the 1970s. Andy Warhol, for example, fortified his status as a legendary artist, by bifurcating into film and magazine publishing, thus introducing a ground-breaking concept of cross-cultural activity for a visual artist of such popularity Towards the end of the 1970s, street art, developing from graffiti, was starting to truly captivate the fine art community. Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat helped legitimize spray painting and tagging, demonstrating that their artworks could exist at the same time in art galleries and on city walls. Following, the international reach of street art would become extremely influential, representing an astonishing form of artistic expression.

Melanie Baker

  • Exhibitions 2

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