1959 · United States
Max Ferguson is seen as an established contemporary artist, who originates from the United States. Max Ferguson was born in 1959. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Bill Viola, Tony Oursler, Cindy Sherman and Keith Haring.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war period, when the cultural prominence of New York assumed primacy over Paris, previously thought of as the most important art centre in the world. Major art movements established and fostered in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern iterations of these many types. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has exercised a strong influence over the worldwide visual culture, due to the authority of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Max Ferguson
Born in 1959, Max Ferguson was primarily inspired by the 1970s growing up. The art sphere of the 1970s was characterized by a wish to evolve and reinforce itself, as a reaction to the many conflicts of the previous decade. One of the most central movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which emerged as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art emerged by combining essential aspects of Conceptualism with further considerations on art itself. The earliest ideas of environmentalism bounced from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its prominence, especially in Germany through the works of world renowned figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The city of New York remained as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with global artists wandering through the downtown scene, frequenting bars and art galleries, strengthening the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and sophisticated cultural capital. Artists such as Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto attained worldwide success, as they were widely accepted as renowned members of the Italian movement Arte Povera, much-admired in the 1970s.