1981 · Belgium
Matthieu Ronsse is an established mid-career artist, who was born in Belgium, like other famous artists such as Koen van den Broek, Wim Van Borm, Babs Decruyenaere, Koenraad Dedobbeleer, and Michel Frère. Matthieu Ronsse was born in 1981.
Historical Context of Belgium
During the 1930s, Belgian art was to play a integral role in Surrealism, especially through the work of Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Other key Belgian artists of the 20th century include Marcel Broodthaers, Wim Delvoye, Francis Alys and Luc Tuymans. In the late 19th century, as the period of the avant-garde in Europe began, the Belgian capital of Brussels was an integral hub for the Art Nouveau movement, which included the architect Victor Horta amongst its founders. The Symbolist movement was also a key artistic trend that was greatly influenced by Belgian artists. Key practitioners of this important early precursor to Surrealism include Léon Spilliaert, Jean Delville, Fernand Khnopff and James Ensor.
Further Biographical Context for Matthieu Ronsse
Born in 1981, Matthieu Ronsse was largely inspired by the 1990s. In the United Kingdom, a collective of artists known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, dominated the artistic culture of the decade. They were a loosely affiliated and diverse group, connected generally by their age and nationality. Many of the members had attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by Charles Saatchi, the ‘super collector’ of art at the time. The most famous member of the group is arguably Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). Through their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, the YBAs garnered a controversial public image which was further fuelled by their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was at the same time rebellious and enterprising. The group dominated the British art scene in the 1990s and their group show ‘Sensation’ is now viewed as legendary. The art world was influenced by a number of trends throughout the 1990s, the controversial, hyper-realistic sculptures of Maurizio Cattelan and the sensitive, conceptual work of Felix Gonzalez-Torres epitomised the atmosphere of the era.