1944 - 2009 · China
Masafumi Maita was a visual artist, who originated from China. Masafumi Maita, born in 1944, died in 2009. Also born in China around 1944 and of the same generation are Gao Xingjian, Ho Huai-Shuo, Cu Gan, Tong Yangtze and Wang Dongling.
Masafumi Maita's exhibition
Historical Context of China
A pioneer in technology and technical innovation in both the arts and sciences, China and its artisans have pioneered many astonishing innovations. For instance, true porcelain, with kaolin as the key ingredient, was developed in China in the early 1300s. It would not be created in Europe with the same technical quality and physical properties until 1722, when the Meissen factory in Germany also unboltned the secrets of the recipe. In the Maoist era, which would last for decades from the mid-century period, art and culture served the revolutionary communism of Chairman Mao, brimming with the heroic figures of social realism and various propagandist ideals.
Further Biographical Context for Masafumi Maita
Born in 1944, Masafumi Maita was predominantly inspired by the 1960s. In the art sphere, a multitude of powerful changes were also taking place. Pop Art, embodying the culture of mass media through the works of Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann, was slowly breaking down the bases on which the creation and reception of art were built. Getting inspired from the imagery of popular culture and mass consumerism, the Pop Artists rejected the authority of highbrow art and created a cutting-edge movement, while Minimalism, simultaneously appearing, was rejecting any form of emotional expression and focused on art’s theoretical features – aiming for pure visual responses. Honesty and an emptiness of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, embodied by artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Uninterested in the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on producing artworks mainly gathering polished, clean lines and geometrical elements. The very first blossoming of Conceptualism was significantly influenced by the simplicity of Minimalism but went further in rejecting all pre-defined conceptions inherent to art, similarly to what Pop Artists were trying to achieve by elevating popular culture to the status of high art. Several schools of philosophy profoundly influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists heavily persuaded by the ideas of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide fame through their depiction of the human form and the lament often associated with the human condition. worldwide, a significant number of art movements resonated with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni created Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group adopted similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.