1941 · United States
Mary Kelly is an established artist, who was born in the United States. Mary Kelly was born in 1941. Born in the same country and around the same year are Chuck Close, Dale Chihuly, Bruce Nauman, James Turrell and Barbara Kruger.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Mary Kelly's work is on display in multiple galleries around the world, in countries like the United Kingdom and the United States. Some of those galleries are Pippy Houldsworth Gallery in the United Kingdom, as well as Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles and Mitchell-Innes & Nash | Chelsea in the United States. Mary Kelly's work has most recently been exhibited at Pippy Houldsworth Gallery in London (20 September 2018 until 03 October 2018) with the exhibition Mary Kelly Face-to-Face. Mary Kelly's other most recent exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions at; Galerie Valérie Bach in Belgium (08 January 2020 - 20 March 2020) with the name American Women, The infinite journey and Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles in the United States (31 May 2019 - 02 August 2019) with the name Sculpture. Mary Kelly's first recorded exhibition in Artland's database was called 35 DAYS OF FILM and took place at Mitchell-Innes & Nash | Chelsea in New York, the United States from the 09 July 2018 to 27 July 2018.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, especially New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new multinational and highly influential art hub emerged in the post war era, and the city thrived in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful international art capital. The authority of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern era has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that flourished in the United States. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Mary Kelly
Mary Kelly was born in 1941 and was largely influenced creatively by the 1960s. In the art world, a multitude of powerful changes were also taking place. Pop Art, embodying the culture of mass media through the artworks of Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann, was gradually breaking down the foundations on which the creation and reception of art were built. Drawing from the imagery of popular culture and mass consumerism, the Pop Artists refuted the authority of highbrow art and created a cutting-edge movement, while Minimalism, simultaneously appearing, was rejecting any form of emotional manifestation and focused on art’s theoretical aspect – aspiring to pure visual responses. Honesty and an void of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, embodied by artists like Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Uninterested in the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on delivering artworks mainly gathering polished, clean lines and geometrical elements. The very first flourishing of Conceptualism was highly influenced by the purity of Minimalism but went further in rejecting all pre-existing conceptions inherent to art, similarly to what Pop Artists were trying to attain, by uplifting popular culture to the status of high art. Several schools of philosophy profoundly influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists fundamentally persuaded by the ideologies of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide fame through their depiction of the human form and the anguish often linked to the human condition. globally, an important number of art movements echoed with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni initiated Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group adopted similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.