About Martina pm's work
Martina pm is a key figure in Abstraction. Towards the end of the 19th century, many artists were hoping for a change that would allow art to encompass the transitions in society occuring at the time. Abstract art therefore indicates a desire to break free from the more classical depictions of reality, in which artists were constrained. With the use of geometrical shapes, colours and gestural elements, artists like Pablo Picasso and Georges Braques were able to lay the foundations for what would become an essential branch of modern art. With abstract art, objects and figures are simplified, schematised, which can arguably provide the viewer with a more spiritual experience, since the focus is not put on the material world, but represents an invitation to delve into reflection.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was substantial in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose phases, although he would eventually settle in to Paris in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also considered as the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. While they were settled in France for the most part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly prominent figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural landscape of Spain during the twentieth century was governed by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime subjugated the country from 1939 to 1975. His passing induced a restoration of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who thus reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, typified by an intense anti-communist position, led to the departure of major intellectual and cultural figures, determined to escape this oppressive regime. The artistic and cultural flourishing of the avant-garde were deeply stirred by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are frequently associated with leftist inclinations. Some highly influential modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.