Martin Murphy

1982 · United States

Artist biography

Martin Murphy is a mid-career established artist, who was born in the the United States, like other famous artists such as Steven Riddle, Susan Hiller, Aidan Koch, Marci Washington, and Paul McCarthy. Martin Murphy was born in 1982.

Martin Murphy's Gallery representation

Martin Murphy's work is on display at Aspect/Ratio in Chicago, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States has been key in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war period, when the cultural status of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly thought of as the most powerful art hub internationally. Major art movements developed and fostered in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern echoes of these many types. In the modern and contemporary age, the United States has exercised a powerful influence over the global visual culture, due to the authority of its economic and political systems. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Martin Murphy

Martin Murphy was born in 1982 and was primarily inspired creatively by the 1990s growing up. A collective of artists working in the United Kingdom, who came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, defined the artistic culture of the 1990s. Affiliated loosely by their age and nationality, they were a varied group of practitioners. A number of the YBAs attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by the ‘super collector’ of the time, Charles Saatchi. The most renowned member of the group is Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). The YBAs became known for their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, alongside their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was rebellious yet commercial. Due to the high amount of media coverage that they garnered, they dominated British art during the 1990s, and their work was epitomised in the group show ‘Sensation’. The art world was influenced by a number of trends throughout the decade, and was characterised by the derisive sculpture of Maurizio Cattelan, and sensitive, conceptual advancements as presented in the work of artists including Felix Gonzalez-Torres.

Martin Murphy

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