Martha Walker

1953 · United States

Artist biography

Martha Walker is a contemporary artist considered well established, who originates from the United States. Martha Walker was born in 1953. Artists Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Bill Viola, Tony Oursler, Cindy Sherman and Keith Haring are of the same generation and same country as Martha Walker.

Martha Walker's Gallery representation

Martha Walker's work is on display at Denise Bibro Fine Art located in New York, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States has been a major country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural prominence of New York assumed primacy over Paris, previously considered as the most powerful art centre worldwide. Leading art movements developed and cultivated in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern echoes of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has cultivated a strong influence over the global visual culture, due to the authority of its economic and political systems. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Martha Walker

Martha Walker was born in 1953 and was primarily inspired by the 1970s growing up. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and development in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the dominant stresses of the preceding decade. Conceptual art developed as a key movement, and was in part an evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the works of art into the expansive outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and looking to engage with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal considerations, creating esoteric and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain prominence for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years prior, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly powerful figures worldwide. Many of the artists who became so famous and successful in the 1960s remained leading figures. For example, Andy Warhol branched out into film and magazine publishing, the first type of cross cultural activity for a visual artist. This secured his reputation as a globally renowned celebrity in his own right. International movements began to gain popularity included feminism, which translated strongly into the visual culture, and photorealism which had begun in the 1960s and enjoyed significant commercial and critical success. For the first time painters and sculptors from Latin America were embraced by the dominant critical and institutional levers in New York.

Martha Walker

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