Marna Rix

1937 · Denmark

Artist biography

Marna Rix is seen as an established contemporary artist, who originates from Denmark. Marna Rix was born in 1937. Born in the same country and around the same year are Johannes Carstensen and Per Kirkeby.

Historical Context of Denmark

As the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries, Denmark has often been rather influenced by the Germanic culture of Northern Europe, which borders its southern limits. This sensibility is often combined with the Nordic traits of restraint and melancholy in its arts. At the end of the nineteenth century, and in the earlier part of the twentieth, Denmark originated an extremely important painter of Post-Impressionism, Vilhelm Hammershøi. Acclaimed for his melancholic and extremely sparse interiors, Hammershøi's reputation was founded on his exquisite depictions of light and shadow in modest, dignified interiors, most often his own residence. In the later twentieth century, Denmark was a significant country in the CoBrA movement of Expressionist painting, where the naming convention was derived from the cities of the founding members - the Co standing for Copenhagen on behalf of Danish artist Asger Jorn. Established in 1949, CoBrA's bright colours and lively childlike figures became both a scandal and sensation. Other prominent modern and Danish artists include Per Kirkeby, Olafur Eliasson, Danh Vō, Sergej Jensen and Tal R.

Further Biographical Context for Marna Rix

Born in 1937, Marna Rix was largely influenced by the 1950s. Abstract Expressionism dominated in the 1950s as a chief method of painting, and explored ideas about the sublime and spirituality. Artists endeavoured to focus on painting’s formal properties, and Action Painting took inspiration from the political freedoms of the United States, in opposition to the strictures of the Soviet bloc. Important artists of this period included Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. In subsequent revisions, the contributions and efforts of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois have been recognised, amongst many other female creatives.