1968 · Austria
Markus Huemer is a mid-career contemporary visual artist, who was born in Austria, like other prominent artists such as Johanna Magdalena Guggenberger, Gustav Klint, Filip Lav, Florian Pumhösl, and Hundertwasser (P)*. Markus Huemer was born in 1968.
About Markus Huemer's works
Markus Huemer is a notable figure within the fields of Conceptual, Figuration and Design. Conceptual art is arguably not as clear and easily defined as other art movements, and can often provoke intense reactions in the viewers. By nature, Conceptualism puts an emphasis on the strategies and research that go into the creation, making the concept of an artwork its most essential feature, rather than the actual finished product. Although the movement emerged in the mid 1960s, simultaneously across Europe and America, its forefather Marcel Duchamp had paved the way back in 1917, with his controversial artwork Fontaine. Conceptual art denies the traditional mediums, and strives to place the artwork in the realm of ideas - rather than that of material objects. Some of the most critically acclaimed figures of Conceptualism include artists such as Sol LeWitt, Lawrence Weiner and Yoko Ono.
Often perceived as the opposite of abstraction, figurative art also subsists beyond just a simple depiction of reality. Although it essentially signifies the ability to depict a real-world subject, the style, approaches and mediums that can be chosen by the artist are endless, which gives figurative art the power to be truly innovative and radical. Some glorious instances of figurative art include Henri Matisse’s sculpture The Serf, or Pablo Picasso’s painting Les Demoiselles D’Avignon.
What separates art from design has been a longstanding debate, the lines are blurred. The classical notion of design used to be anchored in the Decorative Arts, but later on branched itself into a variety of categories such as graphic design, fashion design, or industrial design. The Arts and Crafts Movement and The Bauhaus were extremely influential movements that pursued for a unification of true artistic creativity with the manufacturing of objects.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Markus Huemer is represented by two galleries. These are DNA in Berlin, Germany and Philipp von Rosen Galerie in Cologne, Germany. Markus Huemer's work has most recently been exhibited at Philipp von Rosen Galerie in Cologne (24 May 2019 until 30 August 2019) with the exhibition The Space of Painting.
At present, Markus Huemer has a total of seven artworks for sale at Artland.
Historical Context of Austria
At the turn of the 20th century, Austria was among the most pioneering and culturally progressive countries. It fostered key developments in the Arts and Crafts Movement and Art Nouveau, called Jugendstil in German, from around 1895 to 1910, forming a key bridge between the 19th century and the commencement of modernism. This kind of progressive, avant-garde thinking led directly into the Viennese Secession movement, one of the key art and design movements of the early twentieth century. It was founded in 1897 by a group of Austrian painters, graphic artists, sculptors and architects, including Josef Hoffman Koloman Moser, Otto Wagner, and Gustave Klimt, when artists resigned, en masse, from the Association of Austrian Artists in protest against its support for more traditional artistic styles. and an exchange of ideas with artists outside Austria, disputing artistic nationalism, renewing the decorative arts and, most crucially, creating a "total art (Gesamtkunstwerk)" that unified painting, architecture, and the decorative arts. The group was strongly opposed to the dominance of the official Vienna Academy of the Arts (the Vienna Künstlerhaus), and official art salons, with their traditional orientation toward Historicism. Ultimately the group broke apart, the decorative artists choosing instead to focus on a new guild called the Wiener Werkstatte. In the late 1930s, Austria was annexed by the developing force of Hitler's Nazi Germany, an act known as the Anschluss, and which organised Austria into a province of a greater German Reich. During this period, like in Germany, the Avant-garde was labelled 'Entartete Kunst', translating to 'degenerate art', and was oppressed with only 'official' social realist art being approved, or even allowed by the state. Consequently, there was a significant exodus of creative talent who decided that their interests would be best served by moving to London or New York. In the 20th century, important Austrian artists included Josef Hoffman, Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Herbert Bayer (the typography and graphic design pioneer of the Bauhaus), architect and designer Josef Frank, Oskar Kokoschka, Alfred Kubin, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Maria Lassnig, Hermann Nitsch, Arnulf Rainer, Franz West and Erwin Wurm.
Further Biographical Context for Markus Huemer
Markus Huemer was born in 1968 and was primarily inspired by the 1980s growing up. The generation of artists that grew up in, and took inspiration from, the 1980s was influenced by a period of fast growing global capitalism, political upheaval, notable wealth differences, global mass media and distinctive music and fashion, including electronic pop music and hip hop. The 1980s was the era of African famine, the height of the Cold War, and also the end of it, as marked by the fall of the Berlin Wall. influential art movements of the era include Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and the global trend of Neo-Expressionism which manifested in Germany, the USA and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). The decade was exemplified by artists like Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel. Street art and graffiti started to gain prominence, notable artists of which include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf.