1970 · United States
Mark Gonzales is a mid-career established artist, who was born in the United States. Mark Gonzales was born in 1970. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Kara Walker, Jason Rhoades, Ellen Gallagher, Andrea Zittel, Elizabeth Peyton, Rob Pruitt and Jean Michel Basquiat.
Mark Gonzales is represented and exhibited by 3 galleries around the world, in countries like the United States and Germany. Some of those galleries are Parrasch Heijnen Gallery in Los Angeles, franklin parrasch gallery in New York, and fiebach, minninger in Cologne.
Historical Context of United States
The US, in particular New York city, endures as a central point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art hub came to be in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful international art capital. The authority of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has provided the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that emerged in the United States. These very movements also echoed into a multitude of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Mark Gonzales
Born in 1970, Mark Gonzales was predominantly influenced by the 1990s. A group of artists working in the United Kingdom, who came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, defined the artistic culture of the 1990s. Affiliated loosely by their age and nationality, they were a varied collective of practitioners. Many of the YBAs attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by the ‘super collector’ of the time, Charles Saatchi. The most renowned member of the group is Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). The YBAs became known for their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, alongside their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was rebellious yet commercial. Due to the large amount of media coverage that they garnered, they dominated British art during the 1990s, and their work was epitomised in the group show ‘Sensation’. Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of creating art based on human relations and their social context, became a central idea in the 1990s. Works by artists like Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as key artists who worked to this idea.