1929 · Italy
Mario Pezzi is regarded as a well established artist, who originates from Italy, like other renowned artists such as Filomeno Angelo, Alberto Fiori, Pietro Fortuna, Alessandro Simonini, and El Gato Chimney. Mario Pezzi was born in 1929.
Historical Context of Italy
Italy has been vastly rich in cultural power since the time of the Romans, this classical period has exerted a major influence on the cultural development and identity of the country. Italy represents the realm of the Renaissance, called 'Rinascita' in Italian, signifying 'rebirth'. The Renaissance has been considered, from the early 1400s, as the first extensive flowering of cultural erudition in art, architecture, music, poetry, philosophy and politics since the Middle Ages. During the modern and contemporary period, Italy was tormented by the fascism of Mussolini but has nonetheless remained as a vital heart for artistic expression, spawning movements such as Futurism, Arte Povera and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia. Important Italian artists of the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.
Further Biographical Context for Mario Pezzi
Born in 1929, Mario Pezzi's creative work was predominantly influenced by the 1930s. The period of the 1930s is epitomised by the clashing of many political ideologies, including Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. In the Soviet Union, Stalin’s government required urgent funds to implement the rapid industrialisation demanded by the first Five Year Plan. It initiated a secret plan to sell off treasures from the State Hermitage Museum in Leningrad (St. Petersburg), including a primary list of two hundred and fifty unique paintings by the Old Masters, many which ended up in the collection of Andrew Mellon via the New York based art dealing company, Knoedler.