1989 · United Kingdom
Maria Esmar is a young contemporary artist, who was born in the the United Kingdom, like other prominent artists such as Prunella Clough, Joseph Sharp, Alex Foxton, Genesis Breyer P-Orridge, and Jeff Keen. Maria Esmar was born in 1989.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
The United Kingdom has been a crucial hub for artistic production for centuries. While it accumulated considerable wealth through colonisation and the ascent of its Empire, it was also exposed to the cultural supremacy of other countries and continents. Throughout the modern period, Britain had been significantly overshadowed by the reputation of its European neighbours on one side, and of the United States on the other. But towards the end of the 19th century, Britain became a significant focal point in the development of the avant-garde. This includes the Arts and Crafts Movement, a major movement paving the way for artist-led organisations, guilds and organisational co-operative types that would later develop into a template of sorts for bohemian artists movements of the Twentieth Century. Ground-breaking artistic movements in British modernism include for example Vorticism, involving artists part of the Bloomsbury group. Some noteworthy British artists of the modern and contemporary era include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Paula Rego - and in more recent years the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Chris Ofili and others.
Further Biographical Context for Maria Esmar
Born in 1989, Maria Esmar's creative work was predominantly influenced by the 1990s. Art in the 1990s was defined at the beginning of the decade by a group of artists in the United Kingdom that came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists. They were a diverse collective of artists, affiliated loosely by their age, nationality, and their association with Goldsmiths and the Royal College of Art in London, as well as being favoured by super collector of the time Charles Saatchi. The most successful artist of the group is Damien Hirst, who was also an early organiser of group activities. Other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Wood. Much of their art became famous for shock tactics and the sensationalism of both material and message. They also became known for their use of throwaway materials, wild-living, and an attitude that was simultaneously counter-culture rebellion but also entrepreneurial. They achieved considerable amount of media coverage and dominated British art during the decade. Their international shows in the mid-1990s included the now legendary ‘Sensation'. Conceptual photography led by German ideas and artists came to prominence. Artists such as Andreas Gursky, Thomas Struth, and Wolfgang Tillmans gained major recognition, and inspired other artists such as the Canadian Jeff Wall, who experimented with the kind of cinematic expansiveness associated with the German artists’ work. Painters like Albert Oehlen and Martin Kippenberger exercised a notable influence on younger artists.