1892 · France
Marcel Gromaire is an established artist, who originates from France. Marcel Gromaire was born in 1892. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include André Breton, André Masson, Brassaï and Marcel Duchamp.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Marcel Gromaire's work is on display in multiple galleries around the world, in countries such as Denmark, France, and the United States. Galleries include Galleri Profilen in Aarhus, Galerie Louis Carré & Cie in Paris, as well as Richard Norton Gallery in Chicago. Marcel Gromaire's work has most recently been exhibited at Ceysson & Bénétière | Paris in France (17 December 2019 until 31 January 2020) with the exhibition GUERRE(S).
Historical Context of France
France strikes out as one of the most prominent agents of modernism. What is today referred to as the avant-garde was pioneered in the first half of the nineteenth century, and included progressive and ground-breaking movements such as Impressionism, Post-impressionism and Art Nouveau, driven by key figures of the art world. Applauded and dominant French artists from the early years of the twentieth century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, although he originally was a Spanish national who settled in France, as well as Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier, to name a few. Paris was thought to be the most influential and intellectual artistic centre at the onset of the century and supported the development of such vital movements as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others, which appeared in the post war era.
Further Biographical Context for Marcel Gromaire
Marcel Gromaire was born in 1892 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1900s and 1910s. The Fauves are generally considered to be the first major Post-Impressionist group, working in the at the start of the 20th century. With artists such as Henry Matisse within their ranks, the Fauves believed that vivid, other worldly colours and vibrant brushstrokes were a key component of their work. At the same time, a young Pablo Picasso, still in his youth, created his famed Blue and Rose periods in Paris, and by the end of the 1920s he had established the initial ideas of depicting fractured views of reality alongside his contemporary Georges Braque. This movement became known as Analytical Cubism. The psychological uses of art began to be further explored and developed following the terrors of the First World War. Dadaism, a nonsensical and absurdist movement inspired directly by the war, appeared in Paris, Berlin, Zurich and Hannover, and launched the careers of artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The essential philosophies behind Dadaism would go on to find ground in Surrealism, which was the first art movement to fully incorporate psychology and ideas about the subconscious, and took great inspiration from the work of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung.