1978 · Spain
Marc Vives is a mid-career contemporary visual artist, who originates from Spain, like other celebrated artists such as Carlos Irijalba, Carmen Calvo, Ángeles Marco, Jorge Diezma, and Carmen Mora. Marc Vives was born in 1978.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was substantial in establishing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he would eventually settle in to France in 1904, Picasso unfolded a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential founding member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. While they were established in France for the most part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly influential figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural setting of Spain in the twentieth century was governed by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime dominated the country from 1939 to 1975. His death induced a restoration of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who thus restructured the State. The Franco dictatorship, typified by an intense anti-communist position, led to the departure of major intellectual and cultural figures, decided to escape this oppressive regime. The artistic and cultural blossoming of the avant-garde were greatly affected by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are frequently associated with leftist inclinations. Some critically acclaimed modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Marc Vives
Born in 1978, Marc Vives was largely influenced by the 1980s. The generation of artists that grew up in, and took inspiration from, the 1980s was influenced by a period of fast growing global capitalism, political upheaval, notable wealth discrepancy, global mass media and distinctive music and fashion, including electronic pop music and hip hop. The nineteen eighties was the era of African famine, the height of the Cold War, and also the end of it, as marked by the fall of the Berlin Wall. Important art movements of the era include Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and the international trend of Neo-Expressionism which manifested in Germany, the USA and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). The decade was exemplified by artists like Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel. Street art and graffiti started to gain recognition, key artists of which include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf.