Manel Anoro

1945 · Spain

Artist biography

Manel Anoro is an established contemporary artist, who was born in Spain, like other well-known artists such as José García Vallés, Me lata, Jordina Orbañanos, Almudena Clerins, and Belin. Manel Anoro was born in 1945.

Manel Anoro's Gallery representation

Manel Anoro is represented by Caldwell Snyder | San Francisco in the United States.

Historical Context of Spain

Spain has played a crucial role in the development of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso established a uniquely expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, firstly with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the key founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were prominent figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also lived in France for large parts of their careers. During the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was ruled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who then implemented considerable reform. The Franco regime was distinguished by its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of important intellectual and cultural figures that chose not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered greatly, since liberal artistic movements are often known for their leftist leanings. Key modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.

Further Biographical Context for Manel Anoro

Born in 1945, Manel Anoro was primarily influenced by the 1960s. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly sensational across the globe. Illustrative of a time inspiring both faith and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of cutting-edge philosophies and movements, truly sensational and spectacular. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact globally, mainly defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the crucial idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to erase all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to delve into some of the most fundamental philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, while getting rid of the emotional and highly personal aspect it would usually entail with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply relating to Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, particular to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism deeply influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to portray the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the lingering angst of the meaninglessness of life.

Manel Anoro

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