Luis Guerra

1975 · Chile

Artist biography

Luis Guerra is seen as an established mid-career artist, who was born and brought up in Chile, like other prominent artists such as Mariana Matthews, Teresa Gazitúa, Guillermo Muñoz Vera, Daphne Lyon, and Paulina Silva. Luis Guerra was born in 1975.

About Luis Guerra's works

Luis Guerra is a key figure within the fields of Figuration, Conceptual and Expressionism. Figurative art can merely be understood as art that contains strong references to the real world, or to the human figure. Often thought of as the polar opposite of Abstraction, figurative art can nonetheless remain incredibly stimulating and ground-breaking, since it involves a multitude number of possibilities to depict the chosen object or figure. The variety of style in figurative art is immense, and spans across Paul Cézanne’s bathers to Jean-Michel Basquiat’s neo-expressionist paintings.

Conceptual art is arguably not as clear and easily defined as other art movements, and can often provoke intense reactions in the viewers. By nature, Conceptualism puts an emphasis on the strategies and research that go into the creation, making the concept of an artwork its most significant feature, rather than the actual finished product. Although the movement emerged in the mid 1960s, simultaneously across Europe and America, its founder Marcel Duchamp had paved the way back in 1917, with his controversial artwork Fontaine. Conceptual art rejects the traditional mediums, and tries to place the artwork in the realm of ideas - rather than that of material constructions. Some of the most prominent figures of Conceptualism include artists such as Sol LeWitt, Lawrence Weiner and Yoko Ono.

Expressionism first came to be as a reaction to French Impressionism, and principally developed from 1905 to 1920. More than just an art movement, it is considered as an international tendency that encompasses a number of fields spanning from literature to art. The main idea in Expressionist paintings is to alter reality, as to vigorously depict the subjectivity of the artist. Expressionist artists were strived to convey their emotions with the use of spontaneous brushwork, textural elements and distorted features, which would gradually progress towards Abstraction. Expressionism can be also be seen as a reaction to industrialisation and modernisation which undeniably brought about feelings of alienation and isolation, as depicted in Edvard’s Munch painting The Scream. A few critically acclaimed Expressionist artists include Vincent van Gogh, Egon Schiele and Wassily Kandinsky.

Further Biographical Context for Luis Guerra

Luis Guerra was born in 1975 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1980s. The 1980s were an era of increasing global capitalism, political upheaval, worldwide mass media, wealth discrepancies and distinctive music and fashion, characterised by hip hop and electronic pop music. This had a strong impact on the generation of artists growing up during this era.

The fall of the Berlin Wall at the end of the 1980s signified the end of the Cold War, yet the era was also distinguished by the African Famine. During this time influential art movements included Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and Neo-Expressionism, which took a strong hold in Germany, France and Italy. Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were primary artists working during this period, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who developed the street art and graffiti movements, which quickly gained recognition.

Luis Guerra

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