Further Biographical Context for Ludwig Mactarian
Ludwig Mactarian was born in 1909 and was predominantly influenced by the 1920s. Key artistic innovations that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be developed during the 1920s and 1930s. At this time the careers of many influential and pioneering artists began to blossom, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of reflection and solemnity following the horrors of the First World War. Major shifts in politics were taking place worldwide, and Marxism took a strong grip as an ideology amongst artist groups and communities. Due to its cultural significance, Surrealism spread as an philosophy on an international scale, and became the leading theme of the pictorial arts in the 1920s. The Bauhaus movement developed during this time and concentrated on a unification of all modes of art, working towards the idea of the ‘Gesamtkunstwerk’. The liberal politics of the Weimar Republic in Germany enabled this movement to blossom and grow and develop further.