1914 - 2002 · Italy
Lorenzo Guerrini was a creative visual artist, who was born and brought up in Italy. Born in 1914, Lorenzo Guerrini passed away in 2002. Born in the same country and around the same year are Pietro Annigoni and Alberto Burri.
Lorenzo Guerrini's exhibition
Historical Context of Italy
Italy has been vastly rich in cultural influence since the time of the Romans, this classical period has exerted a fascinating influence on the cultural growth and identity of the country. Italy also embodies the realm of the Renaissance, called 'Rinascita' in Italian, signifying 'rebirth'. The Renaissance has been considered, from the early 1400s, as the first major flowering of cultural sophistication in art, architecture, music, poetry, philosophy and politics since the Middle Ages. During the modern and contemporary period, Italy was afflicted by the fascism of Mussolini but has nevertheless endured as a vital heart for artistic expression, initiating movements such as Futurism, Arte Povera and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia. Important Italian artists of the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.
Further Biographical Context for Lorenzo Guerrini
Lorenzo Guerrini was born in 1914 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1930s growing up. Throughout the 1930s, many political ideologies such as Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism were engaged in struggles for power, and epitomised the political atmosphere of the era. In the Soviet Union, Stalin’s government was in dire need of urgent funds to implement the industrialisation of the Five Year Plan. In a stealthy bid to acquire funds, the government proposed to sell off treasures from the State Hermitage Museum in Leningrad (St. Petersburg), which included some two hundred and fifty paintings by the Old Masters, a number of which had been deemed irreplaceable. Many of the pieces came to be owned by Andrew Mellon, via the New York based art dealing company, Knoedler.