Gregory Leroy (Leroy Brothers)
1975 · Belgium
Gregory Leroy (Leroy Brothers) is seen as an established mid-career artist, who originates from Belgium, like other famous artists such as Catharina Van Eetvelde, Martin Belou, Victor Hachmang, Quinten Ingelaere, and Marc Van Cauwenbergh. Gregory Leroy (Leroy Brothers) was born in 1975.
Gregory Leroy (Leroy Brothers)'s Gallery representation
Gregory Leroy (Leroy Brothers) is represented and exhibited by Spazioborgogno in Milan, Italy.
Historical Context of Belgium
During the 1930s, Belgian art was to play a key role in Surrealism, especially through the work of Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Other important Belgian artists of the twentieth century include Marcel Broodthaers, Wim Delvoye, Francis Alys and Luc Tuymans.
Belgium has been an important artistic hub since the later part of the 19th century. As a small country, bordered by both France and the Netherlands, it has been subjected to major influence by both the French and Flemish cultures.
In the late nineteenth century, as the era of the avant-garde in Europe began, the Belgian capital of Brussels was an important centre for the Art Nouveau movement, which included the architect Victor Horta amongst its founders. The Symbolist movement was also a main artistic trend that was greatly influenced by Belgian artists. Key practitioners of this important early precursor to Surrealism include Léon Spilliaert, Jean Delville, Fernand Khnopff and James Ensor.
Further Biographical Context for Gregory Leroy (Leroy Brothers)
Born in 1975, Gregory Leroy (Leroy Brothers) was predominantly inspired by the 1990s growing up. A group of artists working in the United Kingdom, who came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, defined the artistic culture of the 1990s. Affiliated loosely by their age and nationality, they were a varied collective of practitioners. Many of the YBAs attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by the ‘super collector’ of the time, Charles Saatchi. The most famous member of the group is Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). The YBAs became famous for their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, alongside their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was defiant yet entrepreneurial. Due to the high amount of media coverage that they received, they dominated British art during the 1990s, and their work was epitomised in the group show ‘Sensation’.
The art world was influenced by a number of trends throughout the decade, and was characterised by the derisive sculpture of Maurizio Cattelan, and sensitive, conceptual advancements as presented in the work of artists including Felix Gonzalez-Torres.
Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of making art based on human relations and their social context, became a central idea in the 1990s. Works by artists including Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as important artists who worked to this idea.
In Japan, a trend began to emerge in response to the boom in advertising and consumerism that took place during the 1980s. The comic book culture of manga arose as an art form, and was allied to trends in advertising and graphic design. One of the leading contemporary Japanese artists was Takashi Murakami, who coined the term ‘Superflat’, a theory influenced by the aesthetic characteristics of manga and the nature of post-war Japanese culture. Having been inspired by his experiences in New York City in the mid-1990s, Murakami formed an influential collective of artists called Kaikai Kiki, which became internationally recognised in a number of countries.
Conceptual photography began to gain popularity, and was particularly inspired by German ideas and artists. German artists such as Andreas Gursky, Thomas Struth, and Wolfgang Tillmans gained international recognition, and in turn artists such as the Canadian Jeff Wall created images with a cinematic aesthetic that was inspired by the German artists’ work. In terms of painting, Albert Oehlen and Martin Kippenberger secured influential status in the artistic community.