1942 - 2012
Leonids Maurins was a visual artist. Born in 1942, Leonids Maurins passed away in 2012. Artists Susan K. Cressey, Chen Ninger, Gabriella Maino, Gérard Barbier, and Ulrich Gansert are of the same generation.
Further Biographical Context for Leonids Maurins
Leonids Maurins was born in 1942 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1960s. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Representative of a time inspiring both faith and anger, the 1960s prompted an outburst of cutting-edge philosophies and movements, truly sensational and ground-breaking. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact internationally, mainly defined by the Iron Curtain separating Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible escalation of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the crucial idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to represent the physical world. Born of a desire to erase all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to explore further some of the most fundamental ideologies of Abstract Expressionism, while eliminating the emotional and highly personal aspect it would often associated with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply identifying with Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, distinctive to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism deeply influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to portray the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the lingering angst of the meaninglessness of life.