1934 · United States
Leonard Cohen is an established artist, who originates from the United States. Leonard Cohen was born in 1934. Born in the same country and around the same year are Yoko Ono, Jim Dine, Eva Hesse, Joan Jonas, Frank Stella and Ed Ruscha.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, particularly New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art hub came to be in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful international art capital. The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern era has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are influential art movements that emerged in the US. These very movements also echoed into a multitude of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen was born in 1934 and was predominantly inspired by the 1950s growing up. Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that studied notions of spirituality and the sublime, dominated the 1950s. A number of artists concentrated on the formal properties of painting, and action painting was influenced by the political freedom of the United States, in opposition to the strict limitations of the Soviet bloc. Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb were influential artists of this time. The male dominated environment has been subsequently revisited to recognise the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.