Leon Garland

1896 · United States

Artist biography

Leon Garland is a contemporary artist considered well established, who originates from the United States. Leon Garland was born in 1896. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Anni Albers, Paul Strand, Robert Brackman, Dorothea Lange and Alexander Calder.

Leon Garland's Gallery representation

Leon Garland's work is available for viewing at Richard Norton Gallery located in Chicago, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States, especially New York city, remains as a central point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly influential art hub emerged in the post war era, and the city thrived in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful global art centre. The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern era has granted the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are influential art movements that flourished in the United States. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Leon Garland

Born in 1896, Leon Garland's creative work was primarily inspired by the 1900s and 1910s. The Fauves are widely considered to be the first major Post-Impressionist group, working in the at the start of the twentieth century. Including artists such as Henry Matisse within their ranks, the Fauves believed that vivid, other worldly colours and energetic brushstrokes were an integral component of painting. During this same time period a young Pablo Picasso, still in his youth, created his famed Blue and Rose periods in Paris, and by the end of the 1920s he had established the first ideas of portraying fractured views of reality alongside his contemporary Georges Braque. This movement became known as Analytical Cubism. The De Stijl group in the Netherlands, under the leadership of Piet Mondrian, began to practice important theories about Abstraction. Alongside this, Kasimir Malevich and his contemporaries developed Constructivism and Suprematism in the Soviet Union. These radical styles of art were rigorous and politicised, and looked to serve a new world order.

Leon Garland

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