1919 - 1987 · United States
Leon Berkowitz was a visual artist, who was born in the United States. Leon Berkowitz was born in 1919 and died in 1987. Artists Lee Mullican, Agnes Martin, Dorothea Tanning, Philip Guston and Robert Motherwell are of the same generation and same country as Leon Berkowitz.
Leon Berkowitz' exhibition
Leon Berkowitz' work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition Thresholds of Perceptibility at Hollis Taggart Galleries in New York, the United States. The exhibition was open from 02 October 2019 until 01 November 2019.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, particularly New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art centre emerged in the post war era, and the city thrived in asserting its supremacy over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful international art capital. The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has granted the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that blossomed in the United States. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Leon Berkowitz
Leon Berkowitz was born in 1919 and was largely influenced by the 1930s. During the 1930s, many political ideologies such as Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism were engaged in struggles for dominance, and characterised the political atmosphere of the period. In the United States, the Great Depression had a severe impact on artistic output, and artists began to focus on the idea of modesty and of the ordinary man on the streets. The focus of art in the United States also began to take a more political turn for the first time, and artists used these topics and ideas to try to impact society. Subjects such as poverty, lack of affordable housing, anti-lynching, anti-fascism, and workers' strikes became prevalent in the work of a number of artists.