1950 - 2000
Further Biographical Context for Lanford Monroe
Born in 1950, Lanford Monroe was primarily inspired by the 1970s. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and development in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the central tensions of the previous decade. Conceptual art developed as a key movement, a partial evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the artwork into the extensive outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and looking to engage with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal reflections, creating cryptic and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain importance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years prior, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly renowned figures worldwide. A number of the artists who gained fame and successful in the 1960s remained dominant figures. For example, Andy Warhol branched out into film and magazine publishing, the first type of pan cultural activity for a visual artist. This secured his reputation as a major international celebrity in his own right. Towards the end of the decade, the emerging practices of graffiti and street art were beginning to gain attention in the fine art community. Artists including Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat were working in downtown Manhattan and guaranteeing that spray paint and tagging gained some validity as a fine art practice, a trend which would fully develop and dominate during the following decade.